International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Comparative Studies | Health Sciences | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023

Comparison of Prevalence of Metabolic Risk Factors among Residents Indians and Non-Resident Indians - A Tertiary Care Center Experience

Nupur Pandya [3] | Hirak Vyas [2] | Sanket Sheth

Abstract: The difference in prevalence of non-communicable diseases in various countries is due to genetic tendency of particular ethnic type, dietary habits, life style, cultural, social, behavioural practices acquired by the population. Non-resident Indians (NRIs) is population traditionally understood as persons of Indian origin or having Indian passport migrated to other countries. We aim to do comparative study of prevalence of metabolic risk factors and metabolic syndrome between healthy Resident Indian (RI) s and NRIs residing at USA. We also aimed to compare variation in other metabolic variables namely uric acid, SGPT, SGOT and TSH. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional observational prospective study conducted in a tertiary care set up in a semi-urban area of Gujarat; Social, personal, anthropometrical and laboratory data of 50 NRI and 50 RI were collected from the Performa. Independent T test, chi square test and Fischer?s extract were used for analysis. Results: Out of total 100 participants, the percentage of female and male participants were 48% and 52% respectively. Anthropometrical data was comparable in both arms. Twenty Three of NRI group and 32 in RI group had central obesity. Though the prevalence of individual metabolic risk factors (Systolic BP, Fasting Blood Sugar dyslipidemia) were found to be more among RIs compared to NRIs, statically significant difference was found, only in HDL levels which was significantly low in resident Indians. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was not significantly different in both groups. Conclusions: There is a considerable variation in prevalence of cardio vascular diseases owing to metabolic syndrome and individual metabolic risk factors among populations of different regions and ethnicity. This can be explained by variations in diet, lifestyle and exercise patterns. Further research is required in this direction to help develop strategies for prevention and management of metabolic syndrome.

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, Non-resident Indians, Body Mass Index (BMI), Metabolic Risk Factors

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,

Pages: 1565 - 1566

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