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Research Paper | Environmental Science Studies | Afghanistan | Volume 9 Issue 9, September 2020
Impact Assessment of Climate Change and Mitigation and Adaptation Methods on Water Resources in Kabul River Basin
Abstract: Kabul river basin which is located in the eastern part of the Afghanistan is one of the most populated area. Its water is using for multiple purposes, including domestic and industrial water supply, hydropower, mining, agriculture irrigation, and environment. Collating information of the basin such as, the existing and potential water resources, water uses and demands in a simple and friendly form is important. Therefore, multispectral analysis and optimization of development options in the basin by the concerned ministries and development partners should be enable. The study is expected to help strengthen adoption of integrated approaches to basin planning and water resources in the country. Climate change is a certain ?potential? risk and a very real threat impacts in the future that have already been felt. It shows how drought and flood risks have changed over the past thirty years. The aim is should to inform national level prioritization of areas and water resources for climate change adaptation and mitigation. Climate change analyses show which areas have seen or are expected to see the biggest change in rainfall, temperature or other climate parameters. The theme of climate change analysis is ?where the impact of droughts and floods on water resources has been most severe and frequent?? by answering these questions can obtain an overview of which areas and population groups are most vulnerable to climate change. The climate hazards which are put the largest risk in Kabul Basin is the drought caused by reduced spring rainfall, declining river flows, and groundwater tables due to reduced springtime snowmelt in the highlands; and is the floods caused by increasing heavy spring rainfall, riverine flood's, and rapidly snowmelt in the highlands. The issue of this article is understanding of the impact of climate change especially flood and drought on water resources Kabul River basin and the adaptation and mitigation method climate change on that basin.
Keywords: Climate Change, Flood, Drought, Adaptation, Mitigation
Edition: Volume 9 Issue 9, September 2020,
Pages: 1172 - 1179