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Subjective Paper | Environmental Science Studies | India | Volume 11 Issue 6, June 2022
A New Geoscientific Predictive Model to Trace Saraswati: The Lost Himalayan River of the Saraswati Civilization
Abstract: I, the author of this paper, have proposed a plausible model for the Saraswati River Valley Civilization which involves a "Habitable Trinity": i) a stable landmass that was the rock formation of Upper Proterozoic / Precambrain on one side for the life such as fish, reptiles, mammals and ultimately early humans for their evolution, development, movement, settlements and other things, ii) a deep and wide valley on north side which later was converted into a fertile fluvial plain for agriculture and constructing civil facilities, and iii) a perennial glacier - fed river Saraswati: - the present day Yamuna river that was source of fresh water for drinking and irrigation purposes and also means to transport huge volume of water and sediment load from snow - covered Himalayan mountainous regions right from Upper Pleistocene to Lower Holocene for converting the Saraswati River Valley: - a barren rocky terrain into a fertile/alluvial land. The human communities from Neolithic might have lived and moved in the Hills of Aravali right from 40, 000 yrs BP, when modern man came into existence, and finally settled in about 10, 000 yrs BP, for the first time, at the sites of Bhirrana, Kunal in Haryana within river regime and later at the sites of Kalibangan, Suratgarh, Anupgarh, Kishangarh in Rajasthan; Cholistan: - Ganweriwala, Fort Abbas; and Mohanjodaro in present day Pakistan within the river regime and later at the sites of Mitathal, Kheri Maham, Farmana, Pouli, Dhani, Rakhigarhi, Balu, Siswal in Haryana, Sothi in Rajasthan within Saraswati river basin; Mehrgarh, and Harappa in Pakistan within Indus river basin in the fertile alluvial plains. The early Saraswati River Civilization started migrating to other areas that were environmentally friendly in about 8, 500 yrs BP ago due to departure of the river Saraswati, i. e., Yamuna towards the Ganga river basin. So the archeological sites such as Bhirrana, Kunal, Kalibangan, Ganweriwala, and Fort Abbas and Mohanjodaro are the first oldest sites and the Rakhigarhi in Haryana and Sothi in Rajasthan; and Mehrgarh and Harappa in Pakistan are the first largest but second oldest sites of Saraswati and Indus River Valley Civilizations, respectively. Discovery of recent findings related to largest and oldest territory and habitats of the human communities from Neolithic to Saraswati Civilization at Bhirrana, Kunal, Rakhigarhi in Haryana; Dalewan, Lakhmirawala in Punjab; Kalibagan, Suratgarh, Anupgarh, and Kishangarh in Rajasthan; and Cholistan - Fort Abbas, Marot, Ganweriwala, and Mohanjodaro now in Pakistan in the entire 960 km length of the river Saraswati have an edge over the findings in the contemporary Egypt, Mesopotamia combined and even the Harappan Civilization that includes Mohanjodaro and Harappa, both in Pakistan. So, as per my findings, it is the Saraswati River Valley Civilization, wherein all the oldest as well as the largest sites are contemporary and having similarities in all the man - made creative things, is the largest and the oldest Civilization in the world and not the Indus River Valley Civilization or Harappa Civilization as has been established by earlier workers. Thus, now, the Saraswati River Valley Civilization should be named as the: 'SARASWATI CIVILIZATION'.
Keywords: Saraswati River Valley, archeology, geoscientific model, habitable trinity, stable landmass, fertile sites/fluvial plains, perennial glacier - fed and monsoonal rivers, palaeomouth of water flows/rivers, palaeo - channel, climate change, global phenomenon
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 6, June 2022,
Pages: 772 - 784