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Research Paper | Radiological Sciences | Sudan | Volume 4 Issue 10, October 2015
Estimation of Radiation Dose Received in Skull X-Rays in Emergency Radiology Department
Yousif Mohamed Y. Abdallah  | Noora E. Omer | Nesrin A. M. Mohamoud | Mashal Abdallah
Abstract: Diagnostic X-ray examinations play an important role in the health care of the population. These examinations may involve significant irradiation of the patient and probably represent the largest man-made source of radiation exposure for the population. This study was performed in Emergency department of Khartoum teaching hospital in June 2015. This study performed to assess the effective dose (ED) received in lumbosacral radiographic examination and to analyze effective dose distributions among radiological departments under study. The study was performed in Khartoum teaching hospital, covering x-ray units and a sample of 50 patients. The following parameters were recorded age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI) derived from weight (kg) and (height (m)) and exposure factors. The dose was measured for skull x-rays examination. For effective dose calculation, the entrance surface dose (ESD) values were estimated from the x-ray tube output parameters for skull PA and lateral examinations. The ED values were then calculated from the obtained ESD values using IAEA calculation methods. Effective doses were then calculated from energy imparted using ED conversion factors proposed by IAEA. The results of ED values calculated showed that patient exposure were within the normal range of exposure. The mean ED values calculated were 3.03 + 0.08 and 2.23 + 0.31 for skull PA and lateral examinations, respectively. Further studies are recommended with more number of patients and using more two modalities for comparison.
Keywords: radiation dose, skull, x-rays, radiology department
Edition: Volume 4 Issue 10, October 2015,
Pages: 262 - 265