International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 132 | Views: 236

Research Paper | Medicine Science | India | Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015


A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Helfer Skin Tap Technique on Pain During Intramuscular Injection Among Neonates Born in Labour Room of a Selected Tertiary Level Hospital, UP

Maj Sivapriya S [2] | Col Leena Kumari


Abstract: Pain is a common and a ubiquitous sensation for children and adult. Every child has his or her own perception of pain. Routine immunizations are the most frequent painful medical procedure during childhood. A fundamental principle of responsible medical care is do not hurt but do not harm since pain is harmful to children, the care givers are committed in preventing harm to their patients. Pain is a major source of distress for children and their families as well as health care providers. Skin tapping ( Helfer skin technique) is one of the methods which keeps the muscles relaxed and thus reduce pain while administering IM injection. Objectives 1. To assess the pain level of neonate during intramuscular injection with usual standard technique.2. To assess the pain level of neonate during intra muscular injection with Helfer skin tap technique.3. To compare the pain level of neonates during intramuscular injection with and without the use of Helfer skin tap technique. Materials and methods Study design True experimental post test control design Study setting Labour room in a selected tertiary care hospital Study population 100 new born babies Sampling technique Purposive sampling to select the eligible population and simple random sampling is used to allocate the subjects into experiment and control group. Tool Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) Results The data collected was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study findings high lights that 86 % of the neonates in the experimental group had mild pain, only 14 % perceived severe pain during IM injection by using helfer skin tap technique.86 % of the neonates in the control group had severe pain, only 14 % perceived moderate pain during IM injection by using conventional routine technique There is a significant decrease in the pain score between the administration of IM injection with helfer skin tap technique with p


Keywords: Helfer skin tap technique, labour room, new born babies


Edition: Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015,


Pages: 547 - 552


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