International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Masters Thesis | Nursing | India | Volume 13 Issue 4, April 2024 | Rating: 4.5 / 10

A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Instructional Program Regarding Body Mechanics on the Knowledge and Practice of Nursing Students Regarding Nursing Procedures in Pal College of Nursing & Medical Sciences, Haldwani, Nainital, Uttarakhand

Vimla Thalal

Abstract: Background: The goal of nursing is healing the sick, so it is ironic that nursing as a profession sees some of the highest rates of musculoskeletal injuries and this might disrupt a nurse?s career. Hospital workers, particularly ward nurses, are known to be at high risk for back injury, with patient handling tasks being implicated in most cases. It is widely accepted that chronic back pain can result in disability. Most low back pain follows injury to the back, poor physical conditions and inappropriate posture during activity. Pain in the back can restrict activities; reduce work capacity and quality of enjoyment in everyday living. Objectives: Research study was planned to assess the knowledge & practice of nursing students regarding body mechanics and determine the effectiveness of structured instructional program on the knowledge and practice regarding body mechanics. Methods: A quantitative approach & pre experimental (one group pre - test post - test) research design was selected for the research study after ethical clearance from the authority of the nursing institution. Population selected for the study was B. Sc. ?N? 4th year & GNM 3rd year nursing students from Pal College of Nursing & Medical Sciences, Haldwani, Nainital, Uttarakhand. An informed consent was taken from the participants.80 nursing students were taken by non probability convenient sampling technique accordance with the inclusive criteria of the study. Data was collected using self structured questionnaire tools for knowledge and observational checklist tools for related nursing procedures of body mechanics for practice. Results and Interpretation: The study results revealed that, the extent of knowledge in 80 nursing students was, 10% Good, 63% Average, 27% Poor knowledge score in pre - test & post test knowledge score was, 52% Good, 44% Average & 4% Poor. Practice score was, 5 nursing procedure was performed, transferring patient from bed to stretcher, maximum 76% had inappropriate body posture in pre - test & in post - test 100% had appropriate body posture. Assisting patient from bed to wheelchair, majority 91% had inappropriate body posture in pre - test and 92% had appropriate body posture, in post - test. Moving helpless patient up in the bed, mostly 97% had inappropriate body posture in pre - test and in post - test 91% had appropriate body posture. Log rolling 100% had inappropriate body posture in pre - test, & in post - test, 70% had appropriate body posture. Bed making, 100% had inappropriate body posture, in pre - test & 97% had appropriate body posture in post test. Hence effectiveness of structured instructional program found to be statistically significance at the 0.05 level. The research hypothesis was accepted. Conclusion: The present study revealed that structured instructional program on body mechanics and related nursing procedures was found to be effective for the nursing students. Hence there was improvement in the knowledge and practice of students nurses regarding body mechanics.

Keywords: Body mechanics, knowledge, practice, structured instructional program, nursing students, and effectiveness

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 4, April 2024,

Pages: 1674 - 1680

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