International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Case Studies | Paediatrics | India | Volume 13 Issue 3, March 2024 | Rating: 7 / 10

A Clinical Study to Evaluate the Lipid Profile in the Age Group of 1 to 12 Years with Primary Nephrotic Syndrome

Dr. Santosh Kumar A. [2] | Dr. Latha B. [2]

Abstract: Introduction: Nephrotic syndrome is a clinical state characterized by massive proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and edema. This study is made to collate the effectiveness of lipid profile by follow up of patients of nephrotic syndrome. Objectives: To evaluate the serum level of total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, LDL, VLDL levels in children (aged 1 - 12years) with primary nephrotic syndrome for a period of 12 weeks duration. Methods: This prospective study was performed on 50 children with primary nephrotic syndrome who are attending to paediatric OPD of Katuri medical college & Hospital, Chinakondrupadu, Guntur. They were clinically examined and lipid profile was done at the onset of disease and on follow up at the 6th and 12th weeks. Results: The present study consists of 50 cases of children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome aged between 1 and 12 years. Among the patients involved in the study, all patients were followed up at 6 & 12 week visits. Among 50 cases studied, the maximum number of cases were in the age group of 36 to 60 months (62%), male to female ratio was 3: 1, facial puffiness and edema was present in 90% of cases and decreased urine output in 10% cases. Hypoprotenemia and hypoalbuminaemia was present in all 100% cases. Hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyderidemia, elevated LDL, VLDL was seen in all cases (100%). The p - value was <0.05. The mean cholesterol, triglyceride level, LDL, VLDL levels were significantly higher in relapse cases compared to the 1st episode of nephrotic syndrome. Conclusion: The present study shows that in nephrotic syndrome, there is hyper - lipidemia in all cases but it was significantly higher in cases of relapse compared to the 1st episode of nephrotic syndrome.

Keywords: Serum cholesterol, serum triglycerides, serum albumin, serum globulin, serum LDL, serum VLDL, nephrotic syndrome

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 3, March 2024,

Pages: 1338 - 1343

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