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Research Paper | Community Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023
Prevalence and Some Associated Risk Factors of Anemia among Pregnant Women in an Urban Field Practice Area of a Medical College - A Community Based Cross Sectional Study
Sonali. K. Kulkarni | Khan Bushra S. | P. L. Gattani
Abstract: Introduction: Anaemia is a global public health problem affecting both developing and developed countries with major consequences for human health as well as social and economic development which results in a loss of billions of dollars annually. According to a World Health Organization (WHO) report the global prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women is 55.9%. So present study aim to find out the prevalence and some associated risk factors of anemia and its outcome among antenatal mothers in urban field practice area of a medical college. Material and Methods: Present Cross Sectional Observational study was conducted in urban field practice area of a medical college during February 2021 - January 2023. A total sample size of 869 participants was included in the present studyAll antenatal mothers of all ages in urban field practice area of a medical college. Those who are willing to participate in study. Those antenatal mothers who are already diagnosed and taking some medicines for anaemia. Results: In present study the prevalence of anaemia in antenatal mothers was reported to be 79.0%. Out of 672, 51.79% antenatal mothers were having mildanaemiaand48.21%ofmoderateanaemia. There was statistical significant association between Pretermlabour, hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, Postpartum haemorrhage & LSCS andanaemia status. It was observed that anaemia was common in the age group of 21?30 years (54.6%), Hindu (65.3%), and housewife (99.5%). There was a significant association of anaemia status with Age - group (p<0.0001) educational status (p<0.0001), Type of family (p<0.0001) and BMI (p<0.0001). But there was not significant association of anaemia status with Religion, Occupation and Socio economic status. Conclusions: The high prevalence of anaemia in antenatal mothers was indicates that anaemia continues to be a major public health problem in India. Mild type of anaemia was the commonest one. Anaemia in pregnancy increases the maternal and foetal risks. To reduce the prevalence of anaemia health education on reproductive health, monitoring the consumption of iron folic acid tablets, early diagnosis of high - risk pregnancy, and appropriate management and strengthening of their healthcare - seeking behaviour are important health - care measures to be undertaken at the community level.
Keywords: Anaemia in Pregnancy, Iron, Foetal morbidity, maternal morbidity
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023,
Pages: 1032 - 1037