International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Dentistry | Georgia | Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023

Clinical Aspects and Possibilities of Using Nanoparticles in Modern Dentistry (Literature Review)

Lela Tsitaishvili | Lana Gedenidze

Abstract: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are still prevalent among oral diseases due to their polymicrobial and polyetiological nature. The treatment of dental pathologies includes the elimination of microbes. However, their destruction is often impossible due to the resistant strains that were formed by incorrect and long - term use of antibiotics. The rapid development of nanotechnology has led to the use of nano - sized particles for medical and preventive purposes in medicine and dentistry. The nano - particles application is wide in dental practice, restorative dentistry, endodontics, prosthetics and implantation. Research methods: To study the area of application of nanoparticles in dental practice, a systematic search in the following information bases was conducted: Web of Science (ISI), Google, PubMed using the following keywords: "nanoparticles", "dentistry, " "dental practice", Results: This literature review explores the clinical aspects and possibilities of using nanoparticles in modern dentistry. It highlights the effectiveness of silver nanoparticles in in various dental practices, including restorative dentistry, endodontics, prosthetics, and implantation for eliminating bacterial infections and the need for more research on their long - term effects, as well as importance of developing new antibacterial agents to combat resistant strains of bacteria. Conclusion: Nanoparticles favorable properties are indisputable; however, analyses and data on their side effects and harmful properties, as well as long - term effects and results on the body, are scarce and, in some cases, contradictory. Nanoparticles are successfully used in various aspects of medicine and dentistry. However, there are still many unanswered questions and multiple answers thatstill require fundamental study, more experimental and clinical observations.

Keywords: Nanoparticles, Dentistry, Silver Nanoparticles, Antibacterial Agents, Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics, Prosthetics, Implantation

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023,

Pages: 1411 - 1418

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