International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Medicine Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023

Dyslipidemia: Risk Factors, Types and Preventive Measures

Dr. Nitin Jain

Abstract: Introduction: Dyslipidemia may be defined as increased levels of serum total cholesterol, low - density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, or a decreased serum high - density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration. Dyslipidemia is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Material and methods: This prospective study comprised a population of men (55) and women (45); aged 35?65?years who were selected to study the prevalence of dyslipidemia. Chronic renal illness, hepatic dysfunction, recognized endocrine (excluding diabetes mellitus) or rheumatologic illnesses, Hypertension, Dyslipidemia, smoking, alcoholism, Hypothyroidism, treatment for any metabolic disorders or chronic infections were all ruled out. Results: Out of 100 participants, 55 (55 %) had BMI within the normal range, 30 (30%) had BMI 25 - 30 and 15 (15%) of them had BMI 30 - 35. Around 81% (n=81) of participants had Waist/Hip (W/H) ratio >0.9, in which males were 43% (n=43) and females were 38% (n=38). W/H ratio was noted to be higher in males than females. Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is a potent marker of coronary artery disease risk, especially among asymptomatic young individuals.

Keywords: Dyslipidemia, CVD (cardio vascular disease), BMI (body mass index), cholesterol, prevalence

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,

Pages: 1951 - 1953

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