International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Dentistry | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023 | Rating: 5.5 / 10

Cerebral Abscess of Odontogenic Origin-A Systemic Analysis on Current Knowledge of Etiological Microbiota, Diagnosis and Treatment Modality

Harnoor Kaur Ghuman

Abstract: Odontogenic brain abscesses are a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of dental infections. The objective of this systematic analysis was to evaluate the current understanding of the microbiota, pathology, and treatment of odontogenic brain abscesses. A comprehensive search was conducted using electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase, to identify relevant studies published between 1960 and 2023. The search yielded a total of 120 studies, of which 20 were selected for inclusion in the review. The studies were evaluated for quality and relevance, and the results were analysed and synthesised to provide a comprehensive overview of the current understanding of odontogenic brain abscesses. The results of the review showed that odontogenic brain abscesses are most commonly caused by Streptococcus species and other anaerobic bacteria. The presence of these bacteria can lead to the formation of a pus-filled pocket in the brain, which can cause significant neurological damage and increase the risk of death. The treatment of odontogenic brain abscesses involves a combination of antibiotics and surgical intervention, and the choice of antibiotics is typically based on the type of bacteria causing the infection. In conclusion, odontogenic brain abscesses are serious complication of dental infections that require prompt and appropriate treatment to prevent serious neurological damage and death. The current understanding of the microbiota, pathology, and treatment of odontogenic brain abscesses provides important guidance for the diagnosis and management of this condition. Further research is needed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of patients with odontogenic brain abscesses and to identify strategies for improving the diagnosis and treatment of this condition.

Keywords: odontogenic abscess, brain abscess, dental infection, cerebral abscess, oral infection, dental origin, central nervous system infection

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,

Pages: 2578 - 2585

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