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Analysis Study Research Paper | Law | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023
Forensic Science in Justice in India
Abstract: The field of forensic science plays a crucial role in the administration of justice, particularly in crime investigation and the identification of perpetrators. This paper focuses on the development and practical use of forensic science in the context of the Indian legal system and its acceptance by Indian courts. The study aims to analyze the judgments of the superior courts in India over the past decade, which relied on forensic science as evidence. Additionally, it examines the stance of Indian courts regarding the admissibility of forensic evidence and compares it with the perspectives of foreign courts. The paper also explores the existing gaps in Indian criminal laws and supports the integration of forensic evidence in a more effective manner. Furthermore, a comparative study of the principles of admissibility of forensic evidence in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany is presented. The importance of circumstantial and forensic evidence is discussed, emphasizing their role in proving or disproving cases beyond reasonable doubt. Finally, the paper delves into the use of forensic toxicology and chemical analysis in judicial decision-making processes in India, highlighting the significance of toxicological examinations in investigating poisoning cases.
Keywords: Forensic wisdom, Lawbreakers, Admissibility of forensic validation, Superior courts in India, Expert testimony, UK courts, Principles of scientific substantiation, Circumstantial evidence, Forensic evidence, Proving the case, Forensic toxicology, Chemical substances, Poisoning cases, Clinical toxicology, Chemical toxicology, Forensic toxicologists, Postmortem examination, Death investigation, Toxicology testing
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,
Pages: 1445 - 1449