International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023

Prevalence of Risk of Osteopenia and Osteoporosis among Adult Women in Ankleshwar Region - A Cross Sectional Study

Dr. Vrushika B. Kanthariya | Dr. Saloni Vyas [2] | Poorv Patel | Kartavi Bhatt

Abstract: Introduction: Osteoporosis is a condition in which the ratio of bone mass to its volume is decreased. It is defined as a systemic skeletal disease characterised by low bone mass and architectural deterioration of bone tissue with increase in susceptibility to fracture. Osteopenia is defined as T score between - 1 to - 2.5 hence, it is the stage not as severe as osteoporosis but are at risk if not taken care of. Many factors are responsible for the cause and similarly also have many managements that can be taken into consideration to overcome the possible causes if taken at the right time. Osteoporosis decreases the quality of life of a person and can be left unmanaged if an individual is not ?thoroughly diagnosed? for the cause. Method: This study includes women from Ankleshwar region at Sardar Patel heart institute under the age group of 20 to 45 as many studies have concluded that adult women are also at risk of osteopenia due to many related factors. We took 100 samples of apparently healthy individuals and tested their BMD with the help of QUS densitometer. Result: It was found out that 57 females out of 100 were diagnosed with osteopenia, among which 41 out of 69 were aged 20 - 29 and rest 31 were from the age group of 30 - 45 and 16 were found having osteopenia. It was also ruled out that decrease in BMI can lead to increased chances of an individual to have osteopenia. Conclusion: Thus, the significant number of samples was found osteopenia among young population also. And if any preventive measures are not introduced to this population, then they may have to suffer from the complications regarding the same cause.

Keywords: Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Prevalence, Adult Women

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,

Pages: 1249 - 1254

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