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Research Paper | Gynaecology | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023
A Prospective Study of Hypertensive Disorders Complicating Pregnancy Admitted in Labour Room in Al Ameen Medical College and Hospital Vijayapura
Shruti S. Varavi | Vidya A. Thobbi 
Abstract: Pregnancy induced hypertension is one of the major causes of fetomaternal morbidity and mortality in pregnancy. The exact cause of PIH is unknown certain factors are known to increase the risk of PIH such as risk factor includes that young women with first pregnancy. The study aimed to find out the incidence rate, high - risk factors, and maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with the hypertensive disorder. A total of 110 antenatal women with hypertension and eclampsia admitted to the labour room. The incidence rate of hypertensive disorders was found to be 9.2% (n=110). The maximum number (45.45%, n=50) of patients were aged between 21 to 25 years followed by 18 to 20 years (35.45%, n=39). The majority of the patients (57.3%, n=63) were primigravida. The majority of women had preeclampsia (66.40%, n=73) followed by gestational hypertension (18.19%, n=20). Maternal complications were seen in 52.72% (n=58) of mothers. A significant association was observed in maternal complications and hypertensive disorder (P<0.001). In the total of n=46 (41.81%) cases the neonatal outcomes were abnormal. A significant association was observed in hypertension and neonatal outcomes (P<0.05). The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is most common in young age primigravida women. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were associated with maternal complications and neonatal adverse outcomes.
Keywords: Pregnancy, fetal outcome, Pregnancy induced hypertension, Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, maternal complications
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,
Pages: 1150 - 1153