International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Gynaecology | India | Volume 11 Issue 7, July 2022

A Retrospective Study on Ectopic Pregnancy: A One & Half Year Study in Patients of Tertiary Care Hospital, Jamnagar

Dr. Trupti Nayak | Dr. Nirali Malivad [2]

Abstract: Background: Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy was frequently missed and rising trend in incidence of ectopic pregnancies necessitates awareness about risk factors, resultant morbidity and mortality. Aim of the study was to determine the incidence, clinical presentation, risk factors, treatment and morbidity and mortality associated with ectopic pregnancy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of ectopic pregnancy was done in Government Guru Govind Singh Hospital, from January 2021 to June 2022. The following parameters: age, parity, gestational age, risk factors, clinical presentation, site of ectopic, diagnostic methods, mode of treatment and morbidity were noted. Results: Out of 11929 deliveries, 53 were ectopic pregnancies {0.44%} Women with age 20-25yrs had highest incidence (50.94%) and with least below 20yrs (11.32%). Ectopic pregnancies were common in multiparous women than primigravida (22.64%). Common symptoms: abdominal pain (82.4%), amennorhea (78.5%), bleeding per vaginum (63.3%), asymptomatic (12%) patients. Urine pregnancy test positive in 90.4%. Etiology was pelvic infection (22.64%), infertility (13.20%), previous ectopic (1.88%), contraception (13.20), surgeries including LSCS and tubal surgeries (3.77%). LEFT sided ectopic was more common. Site of ectopic: Common in fallopian tube-ampullary region (75.47%), cornua (9.43%), isthmus (1.88%), fimbria (1.88%), followed by ovarian ectopic (5.66%) then cervical, caesarean scar, rudimentary horn pregnancy. About 81.13% of ectopic was ruptured, 3/4th of these patients presented with shock at the time of presentation. Tubal abortions were seen in 5.66% of patients. Most of cases being ruptured ectopic pregnancies, salpingectomy in 90.52% and salpingoopherectomy in 3.5%. Morbidity was blood transfusion (76.31%), wound complications 4.38 and no mortality. Conclusions: Early diagnosis, identifying of underlying risk factors and timely intervention in the form of conservative or surgical treatment will help in reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with ectopic pregnancy.

Keywords: Amenorrhea, Ectopic pregnancy, Risk factors, Salpingectomy

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 7, July 2022,

Pages: 858 - 861

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