International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023

A Study on Clinical Profile of Dengue Fever and its Complications in a Rural Tertiary Care Center

Dr. M. Manzoor Sharieff | Dr. V. Manoj Reddy | Dr. Uma M A [2] | Dr. A. Sasidhar Reddy

Abstract: Background: Among the seven identified countries in South - East Asia region, India is one of the country which is regularly reporting dengue fever (DF) /dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) outbreaks. The present study was carried out to study the ever changing patterns of presentation of dengue fever and its complications in a rural tertiary care center. Methods: In this study from January 2021 to June 2022, after ethical clearance, serologically confirmed 140 cases of dengue were analysed with regards to their clinical and laboratory profile. The categorical data was analysed using percentages and the continuous data was analysed using mean and standard deviation. Inferential statistics was analysed by using Chi - square test. A probability value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Out of 140 patients, most number of cases were recorded from June to October with maximum in September.72.1% cases had dengue fever, 15% cases had Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and 12.9% cases had Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). All the patients had fever, followed by headache, myalgia, arthralgia, lowbackache in majority of cases. Hypotension was noted in 16.4% patients. Petechiae over skin and sub conjunctival hemorrhage were found in one third patients. Leucopenia and thrombocytopenia were found in majority of patients. The mean platelet count was 39, 500/mm3. MODS was seen in 21.4% patients. Mortality rate is 1.4%. Conclusions: In this study, classical dengue fever was the most common presentation. The most common presenting complaints were fever, headache, myalgia, arthralgia, low backache. Bleeding, shock, hepatitis, polyserositis, pneumonia are the complications seen in severe forms of dengue fever. Mortality was low and was seen mainly in acute secondary infection of dengue.

Keywords: Dengue, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Dengue Shock Syndrome, MODS

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,

Pages: 657 - 661

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