International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Surgery | India | Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024

A Clinical study on Thyroid Nodules with their Cytological and Histopathological Patterns of Presentation

Dr. G. S. Keerthi

Abstract: Neck swellings are readily apparent and are of great cosmetic concern. Swellings in the neck may arise from the Thyroid gland, lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, trachea, oesophagus, larynx, pharynx, muscles, soft tissues and skin. A study of 125 cases of neck masses were studied from November 2022 to November 2023. Among these, 74 cases were of thyroid origin and the rest were of non - thyroid origin. In the present study age and sex distribution incidence and diagnostic accuracy of Cytology and Histopathology for thyroid swellings is studied. In our study, incidence of neck swellings of thyroid origin was 59.2%. Thyroid nodules are more common in women.90 - 95% of thyroid swellings are benign and around 5 - 10%are malignant. Male to female ratio ranges from 1: 10 for Nodular Goitre. The common presentation of thyroid swelling is multinodular goitre, adenoma of thyroid. The accuracy of FNAC in our study is 92.3%. Early detection of a thyroid nodule will lead to different clinical approach from detection of follicular adenoma or papillary carcinoma. The technique of FNAC is simple and cost - effective, it is an effective screening test for carcinoma.

Keywords: Thyroid Nodule, Adenoma thyroid, Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC), Papillary Carcinoma Thyroid, Follicular Carcinoma Thyroid

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024,

Pages: 16 - 18

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