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Research Paper | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023
A Comparative Study to Analyse the Effect of Motor Imagery and Mirror Book Therapy Versus Mime Therapy for the Recovery in Patients with Acute Bell's Palsy
Happy Patel | Pragna Landge | Jahanvi Barot
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Bell's palsy is an acute-onset peripheral facial palsy and is the commonest cause for lower motor nerve fiber palsy. Facial resting symmetry and expressions are determining factors of facial attractiveness & being a marker of good health. The objective of study is to compare the effect of motor imagery and mirror book therapy versus mime therapy. There is dearth of evidence that proposes the effectiveness of motor imagery and mirror book therapy; mime therapy in improving the facial symmetry in acute Bell's palsy. Hence the need arises to evaluate the effectiveness of the motor imagery and mirror book therapy as compared to mime therapy on the recovery in Bell's palsy patients. Aim: To study the effect of motor imagery and mirror book therapy versus mime therapy for recovery in patients with acute Bell's palsy. Methodology: Convenient sampling was done for the selection of participants. Thirty participants who met the inclusion criteria were recruited from various hospitals of Vadodara. The participants were divided into three groups; Group A-Conventional electrotherapy along with Motor Imagery and Mirror book therapy; Group B-Mime therapy with conventional electrotherapy; Group C- Conventional electrotherapy with mirror bio-feedback exercises at home. Baseline data were collected with the use of SFGS and FDI. After 4 weeks, the participants were evaluated again. Result and conclusion: The data were analysed using the ANOVA test and there was a statistically greater improvement in Group A and Group B than the Group C with SFGS score. With FDI score the FDIS domain showed greater improvement in Group A than Group B and Group C. The SPSS version 23 used for data analysis and the p-value is 0.05. The present study concluded that Motor Imagery and Mirror Book Therapy, Mime therapy showed greater improvement in Facial Function and Facial Symmetry in patients with acute Bell's palsy. Motor Imagery and Mirror Book Therapy obtained better results regarding the quality of life and psychosocial functions than mime therapy and conventional electrotherapy.
Keywords: Acute Bell's Palsy, Motor Imagery, Mirror Book Therapy, Mime therapy, Conventional Electrotherapy, FDI, SFGS
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023,
Pages: 2047 - 2055