International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Case Studies | Hematology | India | Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023 | Rating: 4.4 / 10

The Study of Red Cell Indices and Hemogram in Anemic Condition

Prajeesha K [2] | Sanisha P.

Abstract: Anemia (also spelled anemia) is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of blood to carry oxygen. The aim of the study was find out the identification of anemia using Red cell indices and hemogram. Malappuram was selected for the study as the place had more middle-class peoples and without proper nutrition. Since poverty and malnutrition is highly prevalent among this population, iron deficiency anemia. This most common type of anemia seen in nutritional deficiency anemia category. A total of 200 cases were collected from Anemia patients. 200 patients with positive Anemic test were studied among these patients. A detailed Red cell Indices examination and Hemogram, Hb levels were also analyzed and the cases were morphologically categorized. Among 200 cases, (Hb level below 10g/dl) Females (68%) are more affected anemia than the males (31%). Moderate anemia (74%) is highly affected than the severe anemia (26%). The study of Red cell indices showed that Hb (<10g/dl) had the strongest correlation with MCH, MCHC, HCT, RDWCV because P value ranges from (MCH-0,02, MCHC-0.003, HCT 0,0002 RDW CV-0.003). "P" value less than 0.05 (typically ? 0.05) is statistically significant. Our study shows that females are more affected anemia than the males. Moderate anemia patients are highly seen than the severe anemia patients. Low MCV although considers as the sign of microcytosis. The correlation with anemia was poor because "P" value is not significant. In the current study anemia based on Hb had the strongest correlation with MCH, MCHC HCT, RDWCV because "P" value is significant. Our study also showed high RDW CV possibly indicates anisocytosis may be due to nutritional deficiency. Although iron deficiency anemia by microcytic hypochromic, same indices may be obtain in ? thalassemia minor.

Keywords: MCV: Mean Corpuscular Volume, MCH: Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin, MCHC: Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin concentration, RDWCV: Red Cell Distribution Width coefficient Variation, RDWSD: Red Cell Distribution Width Standard Deviation, WHO: World Health Organization

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023,

Pages: 1046 - 1048

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