International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Biomedical Sciences | Indonesia | Volume 10 Issue 8, August 2021


Lipid Profile and IL-1? Levels in Wistar Rats with Atherogenic Diet

Putu Yudha Ugrasena | Agung Wiwiek Indrayani | Ida Ayu Alit Widhiarthini


Abstract: Background: Atherosclerosis is a pathological condition characterized by active, chronic, progressive inflammation and plaque in the artery walls. High cholesterol diet is one of the factors that can initiate inflammation and the production of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1? to cause atherosclerosis. This study aims to determine the value of lipid profile and IL-1? as a marker of atherosclerosis in male wistar rats fed atherogenic diet. As a positive control, a statin group atorvastatin 7.2 mg/kg, was used. Methods: The design of this research is a true post test control study laboratory experimental. Wistar male rats aged 10 weeks with body weight 150-200 grams were divided into 3 groups, normal, atherogenic (high cholesterol) and atorvastatin groups. Induction was carried out for 60 days and the administration of atorvastatin for 30 days. After 90 days of treatment, serum total cholesterol and IL-1? levels were measured. Results: There were significant differences in total cholesterol levels in the atherogenic group, normal group, and atorvastatin group (331.793 ?19.118 vs 113.864?6.615 vs. 144.132?35.214 mg/dL; P<0.001). Triglyceride levels showed significant differences in the atherogenic group, normal group, and atorvastatin group (133.335?20.080 vs. 65.38475?4.098 vs. 73.077?3.854 mg/dL; P<0.001). LDL cholesterol levels in the atherogenic group, normal group, and atorvastatin group showed significant differences (263,887?19,032 vs 22,369?17,1901 vs 68,192?24.947 mg/dL; P<0.001). HDL cholesterol levels also showed significant differences in the atherogenic group, the normal group, and the atorvastatin group (41.239?1.894 vs. 78.419?10.683 vs. 61.324?10.241 mg/dL; P<0.001). IL-1? showed significant differences in levels in the atherogenic group, normal group, and atorvastatin group (11,733?2,217 vs 4,348?0,273 vs 4,860?1,766 pg/mL; P<0.001). Pearson correlation showed that IL-1? was positively correlated with increasing levels of total cholesterol (r = 0.940; P<0.001), triglycerides (r = 0.910; P<0.001), and LDL cholesterol (r = 0.936; P<0.001). Conclusion: There were significant differences in lipid profiles in the atherogenic group against the normal control group and the atorvastatin group against the atherogenic group. The levels of IL-1? as a proinflammatory cytokine in atherosclerosis showed high values and were significantly different in the atherogenic group. Atorvastatin showed significantly lower IL-1? levels (P<0.05) compared to the atherogenic group. Based on the correlation test, total cholesterol, LDL, and triglyceride levels were significantly positively correlated with IL-1? secretion (P<0.05). So that in the future lipid profile and IL-1? can be used as markers of the severity of atherosclerosis.


Keywords: Lipid Profile, IL-1?, Atorvastatin


Edition: Volume 10 Issue 8, August 2021,


Pages: 905 - 908


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