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Masters Thesis | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 10 Issue 7, July 2021
To Compare the Effect of Stretching and Strengthening Exercises of Core Muscles on Primary Dysmenorrhea in Adolescent Girls
Shreya Patel  | Shweta Rakholiya
Abstract: Background: Primary dysmenorrhea is immediate possible bleeding associated with the absence of any generational pathology. Pain also can be related to headaches, fatigue, nausea, and mood swings. Stretching exercise is a form of physical exercise in which a specific muscle or tendon is deliberately stretched in order to improve the muscle's felt elasticity and achieve comfortable muscle tone and increased muscle control, flexibility, and range of motion. Strengthening exercises allows the small intrinsic muscles around the spine to be conditioned to increment performance. Aim: To examine the effect stretching and strengthening exercises of core muscles on primary dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls. Methodology: In this study total of 100 subjects were taken who have primary dysmenorrhea. The subjects were divided convenient sample technique wise into two groups which were Group A and Group B. Group A was stretching exercises and for Group B was strengthening exercise. The intervention program was for 8 weeks. The subjects were divided into a group of 50. So there were 50 subjects in each group. The demographic data, the numerical pain rating scale, lumbar pressure biofeedback, and menstrual distress questionnaire prior to and after 8 weeks of study. Result: Statistically analysis was done using SPSS version 23. Within the group pre and post data analysis was done using a t-test which shows the significant improvement that is p-value <0.05 accepted. Conclusion: Significant improvement was seen in the muscle strength, and quality of life in both the groups and significant reduction in pain intensity in girls with primary dysmenorrhea. but there was more significant reduction in pain intensity and more significant improvement in muscle strength and quality of life in strengthening (group B)than the stretching (group A) in girls with primary dysmenorrhea.
Keywords: Physiotherapy treatment of Core Muscles, Primary Dysmenorrhea, Adolescent Girls. Core muscles Transverse abdominis, Quadratus lumborum, Multifidus
Edition: Volume 10 Issue 7, July 2021,
Pages: 713 - 715