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Research Paper | Mechanical Engineering | Albania | Volume 10 Issue 2, February 2021
Energy and Environmental Analysis of the Current use of Heating and Recommendations for the most Suitable Energy and Environmental Heating Systems in the City of Korca
Ramadan Alushaj  | Flamur Bidaj 
Abstract: The aim of this study is the analysis of the most used heating systems in the building sector of the city of Korca, using as criteria the cost of equipment, fuel type, energy efficiency, pollution impact on population health and climate change. Referring to one of the most touristic cities of Albania, with the lowest outdoor design temperatures during the winter season, with a relatively large number of individual buildings, combined with intensified touristic visits in the colder months, where heating requirements increases, while thermal comfort conditions and environmental pollution reduction from emissions of combustion products remains a problem for optimal solution. On the other hand, Albania's energy challenges until 2030 are summarized in the Energy Strategy, with the fulfillment of 3 main indicators: reduction of 11.5% of greenhouse gas emissions, increase of the contribution of renewable energies to at least with 48%, improvement of at least 15% of energy efficiency. In general, citizens of these cities are always inclined to buy low-cost heating appliances which have high operating and emission costs. Nowadays a variety of heating technologies are available, which have distinct advantages and disadvantages in capital cost and heat production efficiency in the emission potential, so it is necessary to consider different alternatives before choosing the most convenient one. service life higher than 10 years and that meets national energy criteria and degree of environmental pollution within the allowed norms. This study aims to assist and facilitate this selection of most suitable heating system for individual cities by analyzing and comparing decentralized energy efficient heating systems and district heating systems integrated with renewable energy, to identify their advantages and disadvantages and provide a classification based on the cost of operation, emission potential and their initial investment as a recommendation to users and local and national institutions strategies.
Keywords: Energy, heating source, renewables, biomass, solar, energy efficiency, emissions, pollutions, environmental impact, health impacts, investmentcosts
Edition: Volume 10 Issue 2, February 2021,
Pages: 1190 - 1195
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