International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Cardiology Science | Sudan | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023


Echocardiographic Changes in Rheumatic Heart Disease Patient in Port Sudan

Manal Hamed Awad [3] | Mohammed Gorashi Ahmed [3] | Hoida Abd ELmaged | Adam Abdurrahman Hussein | Maha Awad Alkarim [3]


Abstract: Introduction: It is generally known that cardiac auscultation is less sensitive than echocardiography screening, especially in preclinical RHD, for detecting valvular abnormalities. RHD is a social and economic burden on our country. There are no official RHD statistics, particularly in eastern Sudan. Objective: to evaluate the echocardiographic feature of RHD. Methods: The 115 rheumatic heart disease patients who visited the cardiology referral clinic at Digna Price Hospital in Port Sudan, Sudan, between 2018 and 2020 was the subjects of this convenience study. When each of them had received information about the study, they all signed informed consent forms. Among the fundamental facts that were acquired through an interview questionnaire were age, gender, ethnicity, and blood pressure. An ultrasound device called a 2D Mylabe gamma transthorasic was used. Result: The most prevalent valve lesion (67%) was mitral regurgitation (MR), which was of mild severity, the least valve diseased was aortic stenosis (AS), 42.6 percent of patients had just one valve lesion, There was a significant correlation between the presence of aortic regurgitation (AR) and the left ventricular dimension (LVD) (the p value.008), whereas mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation had no direct impact on left ventricular function (LVF) and ejection fraction. Background: The chronic result of acute rheumatic fever (ARF), rheumatic heart disease (RHD), persists unabatedly in middle - income and low - income nations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the echocardiographic features of RHD patients. The social and economic burden that RHD places on our nation. Especially in eastern Sudan there are no official data regarding RHD due to a lot of challenges lack of logistics for the screening, and limited healthcare workers to cover a large screening area.


Keywords: Echocardiographic Changes, Rheumatic Heart Disease


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,


Pages: 1767 - 1774


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