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Analysis Study Research Paper | Psychiatry | India | Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023
Psychiatric Comorbidities in Patients with Acne
Dr. Thanu Kiran K | Dr. Supriya Hedge
Abstract: Background: Acne is one of the most recognizable facial abnormalities, resulting in several forms of emotional distress and psychological consequences. Patients with chronic dermatological disorders are more unstable and prone to frustration, aggression, dissatisfaction with appearance and embarrassment. Aim: To evaluate the frequency and type of psychiatric comorbidity, disease related disability and factors associated among the patients with Acne. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted among 96 patients with acne. Acne severity was determined according to Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL). MINI PLUS and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) was administered to the study participants. Results: The most common psychiatric comorbidities were Major depressive disorder (28.1%) followed by obsessive compulsive disorder (14.6%), generalized anxiety disorder (10.7%), Suicidality (10.7%), panic disorder (6.3%) and social phobia (5.2%). Out of total,43.7% had at least one psychiatric comorbidity whereas remaining 56.3% had none of the psychiatric comorbidities. Social economic status, longer duration of acne and acne severity were significant factors associated with psychiatric comorbidities. Higher disabilities were observed in occupational activities, social life along with leisure activities, and family life among the patients with psychiatric comorbidities compared to their counterpart. (p value <0.05). Conclusion: Acne is associated with prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity such as Major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, Suicidality, panic disorder and social phobia. Regardless of the severity of the patient?s acne, it is crucial to important to enquire about the psychological health. Early detection of psychiatric comorbidities can reduce suffering of these patients.
Keywords: Acne, depression, anxiety, pscyhiatric comorbidity
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023,
Pages: 1950 - 1953