International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Pharmaceutical Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023

Actinopteris Radiata (LINN.): An Updated Critical Review

Mariyam Yaseen [2] | Asma Khannam | Meher Unnisa

Abstract: Actinopteresradiata (Linn.) is an important medicinal plant belonging to the xerophytic species of the fern family Actinopteridaceae. The plant is used in Indian -traditional medicine which is utilized in treatment of various disorders. This fern is currently available in a large number of countries such as India, Africa, Australia, Madagascar, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal, etc. Synonyms are Morpankhi, Peacock?s tail, Mayurishika, Nemaliadugu, A.australis, A.dichotoma. It is categorized among the extinct species and fast disappearing plants. The fern is abundant in phenolic compounds, tannins, flavonoids, glycosides, steroids, hydrocarbons, coumarins and triterpenoids. A. radiata is reported to have many phytoconstituents out of which major phytoconstituents are Hentriacontane, Hentriacontanol, Hentricontanone, ?-sitosterol, Quercetin-3-rutinoside (rutin), ?-sitosterol palmitate and D-glucoside. Anti-histaminic, anti-cholinergic, anti-tubercular, anti-helminthic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, hepatoprotective, anti-epileptic, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-fertility, analgesic, styptic, anti-oxidant, anti-stress, anti-allergic and anti-typhoid are the activities of the fern. A 50% ethanolic extract of the plant is used to prepare safe male contraceptive pills. It is also given as a dietary supplement in treatment of malnutrition patients. It is known to take off heavy metals from the rhizosphere by phytoremediation method. The present review is an insight into thephyto-constituents and major pharmacological activities of A. radiata. The updated review is an attempt to summarize the ethnobotanical, phytocchemical and pharmacological activities of the plant which establish a scientific basis for medicinal use of this plant along with the need to explore the plant for further research to be carried as potential discovery of novel natural bioactive compounds.

Keywords: Actinopteres radiata Linn, Quercetin-3-rutinoside, anti-tubercular activity, anti-microbial activity, anti-inflammatory activity

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023,

Pages: 215 - 221

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