International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Medicine | India | Volume 7 Issue 8, August 2018 | Rating: 5.2 / 10


Land and Property Rights Among Tribal Communities in Jharkhand

Meena Kumari [9]


Abstract: This research paper offers a comprehensive examination of land governance and property rights in Jharkhand, India, with a particular focus on the challenges faced by tribal communities. Drawing on interdisciplinary perspectives from anthropology, sociology, political science, economics, and law, the paper delves into the historical evolution, socio - economic implications, and policy dynamics that shape land tenure systems in the region. Jharkhand, endowed with rich natural resources, has witnessed protracted conflicts, dispossession, and socio - economic marginalization, particularly among tribal populations. Despite the presence of protective legislation aimed at safeguarding land rights, the implementation and enforcement of these laws have been hindered by legal pluralism, colonial legacies, and economic liberalization. The paper examines the tension between formal legal frameworks and customary practices governing land relations, highlighting the complexities and contestations inherent in land governance. It explores the impact of development initiatives, industrialization, and mining activities on land rights and social justice, revealing the profound disparities and injustices that persist in the region. Through empirical data, case studies, and literature review, the paper elucidates the historical context, socio - cultural dynamics, and policy implications surrounding land governance in Jharkhand. It underscores the urgent need for transparent, efficient, and participatory approaches in land management, while advocating for protection of marginalized and vulnerable communities from illegal land transfers and dispossession. Ultimately, the paper aims to contribute to ongoing policy discourse and scholarly inquiry by offering insights into pathways towards more equitable and inclusive land governance systems. By centering the voices and experiences of tribal communities, the paper advocates for policy interventions that uphold the rights and dignity of all citizens, fostering sustainable development and social justice in Jharkhand and beyond.


Keywords: Land Governance, Property Rights, Tribal Communities, Jharkhand, Land Tenure, Legal Pluralism, Economic Development, Social Justice, Indigenous Rights


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 8, August 2018,


Pages: 1685 - 1689


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