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Research Paper | Medical Science | India | Volume 8 Issue 4, April 2019
A Study on the Effect of Unhealthy Dietary Pattern with Sedentary Lifestyle as a Risk Factor for the Formation of Gallstones
Abstract: AIM: The aim of this study is to know the effect of unhealthy dietary pattern and sedentary lifestyle correlating a risk factor for the formation of gallstones. OBJECTIVE: 1. To determine the relationship between diet, physical activity in the patients diagnosed with gallstones along with assessing the anthropometric and biochemical parameters.2. To predict the dietary pattern and the food preference of patients through 24hour dietary recall.3. To analyze the hours spent in physical activity and social habits determining their lifestyle. METHODOLOGY: An observational, cohort study was carried out on 50 patients diagnosed with cholelithiasis to assess the effect of unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle for the formation of gallstones. A pre tested questionnaire was framed, consisted of 11 questions from which anthropometric measurements, biochemical parameters, dietary assessment, social habits specific to smoking/alcohol and physical activity were chief attributes of the study. RESULTS: Based on the results obtained, it is demonstrated that the unhealthy dietary pattern with sedentary life style was found as a risk factor in formation of gallstones. During this survey, patients with high BMI and waist hip ratio shown to have unhealthy eating pattern such as diet rich in high saturated fats, high refined carbohydrates, poor in vegetable fat and fiber with physical inactivity represents the cause of cholelithiasis.
Keywords: Diabetes, Smoking, Cirrhosis, Dietary pattern, Lifestyle, Genetic, Cholelithiasis, Choledocholithiasis, Cholecystitis, high BMI, high cholesterol levels
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 4, April 2019,
Pages: 1737 - 1746