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Case Studies | Cognition | India | Volume 7 Issue 2, February 2018
Study of an Accident Case through Scientific Observation and Forensic Science Techniques
Abstract: In Haryana, India in the winter season, three persons of same village, under the influence of liquor, travelling in a car collided with a tree during the night. The car was brought to the village by towing but the rope was broken when they reached the village. All three get out of the car for their respective houses, whereas one was found dead lying in the street near the car in the morning. The parents of the deceased alleged that their son was murdered and his dead body was thrown in the village. Scene of crime team rushed to crime spot. Based on observations, photographs and scientific reconstruction of the incident (i. e. influence of liquor, speeding car, foggy night time, bad road conditions, unclear and raised raised soiled brim of the road, it appears that the driver of the car lost control at the spot and applied brakes but due to speed of car and road conditions, the car went skidding and consequently the front middle portion of the car banged into the giant tree receiving damages in the front side matching in height with damages on the bark of tree and resulting into the fatal accident. In the reconstruction, it was observed that when the car went skidding on the raised brim of the road of the road the car was tilted on right side as driver side of the car would be on low lying area and the person on left front seat might also tilted towards driver side over the gear lever and when the car banged into the tree the person seated behind might have bounced on the left seat with great pressure and might have struck to the person seating on the left front seat through the gap between the two front seats, in this process the back support of left front side seat was bent forward and the deceased received the injuries mentioned in the PMR. The accused persons were also subjected to questions on Polygraph machine and they were proved innocence.
Keywords: Forensic, Accident, Crime scene, Polygraph, Haryana
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 2, February 2018,
Pages: 1036 - 1040