International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Radiological Sciences | Saudi Arabia | Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014


Assessment of Clinical; X-ray and CT in Diagnosis of Paranasal Sinus Diseases

Abbas O. Hussein | Bushra H. Ahmed [2] | Mohammed A. Ali Omer [12] | Mohammed F.M.Manafal | Ali B. Elhaj


Abstract: Para nasal sinuses diseases are common and include wide spectrum ranging from inflammation to neoplasm. They have been evaluated to reveal the value of clinical diagnosis; waters view technique relative to CT exam at Ear Nose Throat at Khartoum specialist hospital among a total of 240 patients and their ages ranged from 8 to 95 years old. Based on the clinical history and the examinations of X-ray paranasal sinuses (PNS) (Waters view) and CT-PNS; the analysis revealed that: the female were commonly involved with paranasal sinuses pathologies with 54 % relative to males 46 %; the common involved age with sinuses pathologies was 19-29 years old taking 29.2 %; the common pathologies involving sinuses were polyp; chronic sinusitis and acute sinusitis with a percent of 33.8 %; 23.8 % and 17.1; respectively; while the symptom were the nasal obstruction; nasal discharge and headache with a percent with a percent of 87.9 %; 69.2 % and 60.4 respectively; maxillary sinus was the common involved sinuses with a percent of 72.1 %; followed by the ethmoidal; frontal and the sphenoidal sinuses with a percent of45.4 %; 31.7 %; 27.2 % respectively. When the sensitivity and specificity of clinical diagnosis (CD) versus CT diagnosis correlated it revealed that the CD has a considerable sensitivity and specificity in diagnosis of acute and chronic sinusitis as (97.6 %; 91 %) and (93 %; 75.4 %) respectively and when the sensitivity and specificity of waters view technique diagnosis versus CT diagnosis correlated it revealed that the waters view technique has a considerable sensitivity and specificity in diagnosis of acute sinusitis at 87.8 % and 92 % respectively


Keywords: Diagnosis, Radiography, Paranasal Sinuses, Clinical, X-ray, CT


Edition: Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014,


Pages: 7 - 11


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