International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Analysis Study Research Paper | Social Studies | Senegal | Volume 13 Issue 6, June 2024 | Rating: 4.7 / 10


Malcolm X's No "D" Academician Career

Mouhamed DIOP [8]


Abstract: Malcolm X rose to international prominence within a short period. From nothing he rose up to something significant enough to change the course of events in race relations in the United States of America (USA). Determined to vanquish the status quo of the so-called "lazy and shiftless Negro", he was among the best students at school though he dropped out to escape from his teachers' cruelty. Sent to prison for burglary, he then started reading through any books he laid his hands on. Finally, Malcolm X attained an intellectual stature many PhDs had not. At the peak of his career, prestigious universities such as Harvard and powerful media groups aspired to invite him as guest speaker or interviewee. In his speeches, one could tell how well he mastered sociology, religion, philosophy and history, among other themes. This paper proposes a journey into Malcolm X's intellectual development from the stage of innocence to his imprisonment to his prominence as a mass leader. At the end of the journey, you will notice that Malcolm X reached the highest level of an academician with no formal university degree.


Keywords: Civil rights activism, Mr. Ostrowki, Mr. Williams, no D academician, rhetoric of freedom


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 6, June 2024,


Pages: 1498 - 1503



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