International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Community Science | India | Volume 13 Issue 5, May 2024 | Rating: 4.7 / 10

A Retrospective Study to Assess the Mortality and Morbidity Rate of Snake Bite and Distribution of Pamphlets on Preventive & First Aid Measures of Snake Bite in Maharashtra State

Rekha R.

Abstract: Snake bite is a neglected public health issue in many tropical and subtropical countries. Snakebite is an occupational, environmental and domestic health hazard with significant economic fallout on the individual and the family. There are 250 species of snakes in India, out of which about 60 are highly venomous. The venom of poisonous snakes may be predominantly neurotoxic or predominantly cytolytic. Neurotoxins cause respiratory paralysis and cytolytic venoms cause tissue destruction by digestion and haemorrhage due to haemolysis and destruction of the endothelial lining of the blood vessels.1 The estimated number of snakebites worldwide has been put as 5.4 million resulting in 2.5 million envenomation and 125, 000 deaths2. Snake bite cases is increasing day by day therefore a retrospective study was done to assess the mortality and morbidity rate of Snake bite and distribution of pamphlets on preventive & First aid measures of Snake bite. The Objectives of the study was to know about mortality and morbidity rate of Snake bite. Design: Retrospective design was used. Research approach: Quantitative approach. Results: The collected data were analysed by descriptive statistics. In this study total 13 years data collected. Conclusion: It was found that the majority of the snake bite cases from Pune. In 2005 to 2018 thirty cases of snake bite was reported from Pune. Twenty-four cases from Ahmednagar, nine cases from Shirur, eight cases from Satara, six cases from Beed, five cases from Solapur & Daund, three cases from Indrapur, two cases from Raigarh, one case from Baramati, Shikrapur, Dhule & Gulbarga. Hence, we need to give awareness on preventive and first aid measures of snakebite in the community people and the booklet has to be keep in the emergency department in the hospital. It can be reduce the mortality and morbidity rate of Snake bite.

Keywords: Mortality, Morbidity, Snake bite, Preventive measures, First aid measure

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 5, May 2024,

Pages: 1178 - 1182

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