International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Analysis Study Research Paper | Health and Medical Sciences | Tanzania | Volume 13 Issue 5, May 2024 | Rating: 4.5 / 10 | Rate this Article


Pattern, Distribution and Outcome of Otorhinolaryngological Conditions at Emergency Department, Muhimbili National Hospital

Irene Emmanuel Adabu | Kassim B. Mpondela | Willybroad Massawe


Abstract: The research was conducted to determine pattern, distribution and outcome of patients with ORL conditions presenting at emergency medicine department in Muhimbili National Hospital. A cross-sectional hospital-based study was done, where patients attending MNH emergency department presenting with ORL conditions were included with sample size of 289 patients. Male to female ratio was 1.7:1 with most of the patients 133 (46%) belonging to age group 0-10 year. Among the ORL conditions, upper aerodigestive tract conditions were the most prevalent (52.9%) while head and neck conditions were the least encountered (4.8%). Nasal (62.5%) and upper aerodigestive tract (56.2%) anatomical sites were predominantly involved with ORL conditions in younger age groups below ten years while head and neck conditions (50%) dominated the elderly above 50yrs. Foreign bodies in the ear, nose and upper aerodigestive tract were successfully removed. It was concluded that, ORL conditions occurred in all age groups. However, majority of patients were children under ten years with mainly foreign bodies in ear, nose or upper aerodigestive tract. Most of the patients had a successful outcome after receiving emergency care. Malignancy conditions in upper aerodigestive tract reported more than one month and in advanced stage hence required emergency intervention.


Keywords: Ear, Nose, Upper aerodigestive tract, foreign bodies, Emergency department


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 5, May 2024,


Pages: 701 - 710


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