International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Community Medicine | India | Volume 13 Issue 4, April 2024

Prevalence of Non - Communicable Diseases Among Elderly Population in Northern State of India

Dr. Anil Kumar Verma [4] | S. K. Raina [2] | Dr. Raman Chauhan [2]

Abstract: Background: To assess the prevalence of non - communicable diseases (NCDs) among the elderly population in two health blocks of the district Kangra in Himachal Pradesh, India. This was a cross - sectional study selected randomly one Urban and one Rural. As per the geographical train of HP 75% population was taken from rural area by considering village as one cluster and 25% population was taken from urban area considering ward as one cluster by applying population proportion size technique (PPS). Sample size was calculated by using the formula 4PQ/e2. By applying the above formula the desired sample size comes out to be 681, If the non - response rate in the study population = 10%, the desired sample size will be 750. Aim & objective: To estimate the Prevalence of Non - Communicable Diseases Among Elderly Population in Northern state of India. Material & Methods: This community - based cross - sectional study was conducted in the hilly area of HP, India, with 750 elderly subjects (60 years and above) selected for the study by an appropriate sampling procedure. A self - administered structured Questionnaire for interview and examination was implemented. In this data regarding social determinants of health of individual was collected. Results: It was observed that prehypertension was more in urban area, Stage I hypertensive subjects in urban area were 40 (21%) & in rural area were 128 (22.45%), while stage II hypertension was observed in 36 (18.94%) & 95 (16.66%) of study subjects in urban & rural area respectively. It was seen that 19.47% (37/190) study participants in urban area had asthma, while 26.31% (150/570) in rural area were suffering from disease, Coronary artery disease was twice in rural area 8.77% (50/570) as compared to urban subjects 4.73% (9/190) CVA cases was almost equal in both the areas 3.68% (21/570) and 3.15% (6/190) in rural & urban area respectively. There was no cancerous condition seen in urban area while only 0.17% (1/570) of study subjects in rural area had cancer.

Keywords: elderly health, non-communicable diseases, rural and urban comparison, hypertension prevalence, sampling methodology

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 4, April 2024,

Pages: 843 - 845

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