International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Review Papers | Renewable and Sustainable Energy | India | Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024 | Rating: 5.5 / 10


A Comprehensive Topology Review and Comparative Analysis of Wind Energy Conversion Systems

Rachna Dhir | Anubha Gautam


Abstract: Wind energy conversion systems (WECS) have emerged as vital contributors to the global renewable energy portfolio, offering a promising solution to mitigate the challenges posed by fossil fuel dependence and climate change. This review paper presents a comprehensive analysis of various aspects related to wind energy conversion systems, encompassing their technological evolution, operational principles, challenges, and future prospects. The paper commences by tracing the historical evolution of wind energy utilization, from traditional windmills to modern wind turbines equipped with advanced aerodynamics and control mechanisms. An overview of different types of wind turbines, such as horizontal-axis and vertical-axis configurations, sheds light on their unique design considerations and operational characteristics. Key components of WECS, including rotor blades, drivetrains, generators, and control systems, are examined in detail. The interplay between these components in optimizing energy capture, conversion, and transmission is elucidated, highlighting the importance of holistic system integration. Operational and environmental challenges faced by wind energy systems are addressed, encompassing issues like intermittency, grid integration, noise, and visual impact. The paper emphasizes the significance of effective grid management strategies and innovative energy storage solutions to ensure the reliability and stability of wind-generated power.


Keywords: wind energy, wind energy conversion systems, wind turbines, renewable energy, grid integration, technology, challenges, advancements, sustainability


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024,


Pages: 1518 - 1524


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