International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Informative Article | Public Health | Afghanistan | Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024 | Rating: 4.8 / 10


Assessing the Public Health Impact of Afghan Refugee Repatriation from Pakistan on Malaria Risk in Afghanistan

Naimullah Safi | Abdur Rahman Shirindil


Abstract: This article delves into the complex public health challenges arising from the large-scale repatriation of Afghan refugees from Pakistan back to Afghanistan. Focusing on the period post-November 2021, it examines the heightened risk of malaria and other vector-borne diseases among the returning population. The influx of over 471,500 individuals, predominantly through the Torkham and Spin Boldak ground crossings, has introduced significant health concerns in border areas already burdened with diseases like malaria and dengue. The article presents detailed technical findings from field assessments conducted by the World Health Organization WHO and the National Malaria and Vector Borne Diseases Program MVDP. These assessments reveal an alarming rate of malaria cases among returnees, particularly in temporary camps situated in high-risk malaria zones. The article concludes with strategic recommendations to mitigate these health risks, emphasizing the need for targeted public health interventions, enhanced surveillance, and preparedness to manage potential outbreaks, underscoring the urgency of coordinated response in face of this looming public health crisis.


Keywords: Afghan Refugee Repatriation, Malaria Risk Assessment, Vector-Borne Diseases, Public Health Interventions, WHO and MVDP Field Assessments


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024,


Pages: 730 - 732



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