International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Education Management | Tanzania | Volume 12 Issue 10, October 2023 | Rating: 5.6 / 10


Effects of Teacher Attrition on Students Academic Performance in Private Secondary Schools in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania

Josina Kasanga


Abstract: Teacher attrition has emerged as a noteworthy challenge within Tanzanian private secondary schools, with recent surveys unveiling an average attrition rate of approximately 30%. However, it is essential to note that this attrition rate does not remain consistent across all regions. Specifically, in rural areas, the attrition rate tends to escalate, reaching levels as high as 40%, as documented by the Tanzania Education Authority. This glaring disparity in attrition rates between urban and rural areas underscores the multifaceted nature of this issue. The study sought to ascertain how the attrition of secondary school teachers influences student academic performance. The study involved 99 participants, comprising 14 educational leaders, 35 teachers, and 50 students. The selection of students for data collection was conducted through a random sampling process, while educational leaders and teachers were chosen using stratified sampling and snowball sampling methods. Data collection involved the use of interviews, questionnaires, and focus group discussions with students, and the gathered data were subjected to thematic analysis. The study's findings revealed that the primary reasons for teacher attrition included issues related to remuneration, a lack of motivation, unreliable contracts, inadequate management, and unfavorable working conditions. Furthermore, the consequences of teacher attrition on student academic performance encompassed challenges in adjusting to new teachers, a diminished understanding of subjects, compromised future career prospects, and a sense of demoralization among teachers. The study identified strategies to effectively manage teacher attrition, which encompassed implementing sound management practices, creating conducive working environments, increasing teacher salaries, offering reliable employment contracts, and providing motivation.


Keywords: Attrition, Teachers Attrition, Students performance


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 10, October 2023,


Pages: 1923 - 1927


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