International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 12 Issue 8, August 2023

Identifying High-Risk Populations for Stroke in South Gujarat: A Cross Sectional Analysis of Risk Factors and Implications

Dr. Shifa Khan [2] | Saleha Pathan

Abstract: Background: Stroke has become the third leading cause of mortality and disability in India. South Gujarat being the industrial area with many chemical factories and textile industries has got tremendous increase in new stroke cases over a decade. Purpose: To identify the high risk population early and provide appropriate measures to reduce number of new stroke cases in South Gujarat. Method: A cross-sectional investigation was conducted in hospitals. Patient records were collected from various multi-specialty hospitals in south Gujarat between December 6, 2022, and March 6, 2023. Records from 200 patients' files that met the inclusion criteria of having either diabetes, hypertension, obesity, smoking, and CVD were gathered with age 40 to 85 years, male and female. Results: Total 200 patients were enrolled in the study among which 55.5% were males and 44.5 percent were females. About 48% were hypertensive among which 58.5% were already on antihypertensive drug, only 10% of them were on controlled hypertension. 30% of patients had diabetes and 35.5% patients were smokers. Patient having CVD were 9.5% and 22.5% had suffered 1st episode of stroke among which 5.5% were having history of TIA. Total TIAs were 9%. Conclusion: The three main risk factors that should be managed to prevent stroke, are smoking, obesity, and hypertension.

Keywords: Risk factors, Hypertension, Smoking, Obesity, Stroke, Disability

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 8, August 2023,

Pages: 2291 - 2293

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