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Analysis Study Research Paper | Nursing | India | Volume 12 Issue 8, August 2023
Assessment of Neonatal Sepsis Prevalence and Risk Factors in a Tertiary Hospital: A Retrospective Analysis
Abstract: Background: Neonatal sepsis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates in developing countries accounting for 30 - 50% of total deaths each year. Childhood mortality is often used as broad indicator of the social development or a specific indicator of health conditions of a country. Method: Institution based retrospective descriptive survey with the review of documents was conducted in the NICU of Apollo Hospital Noida. Sample size was calculated by using single population proportion sample formula and the final sample size was 40. The study subject was selected by using systematic random sampling method, and adopted data collection tool was used. The overall prevalence of neonatal sepsis in this study was 15%. All neonates developed early onset neonatal sepsis. This study found out that age of neonates, birth asphyxia, prolong PROM and meconium aspiration. Conclusion and Recommendation: The most risk factors of neonatal sepsis were identified age of neonates, birth asphyxia, prolong PROM and meconium aspiration. It has been identified that high risk mothers to be identified and prophylactic care should be given to the newborn. Strict infection control practices should be followed. The study can be done for larger samples for longer duration to generalize the results. Based on this results we recommend the concerned body to continue with best practice on infection control.
Keywords: Sepsis, neonates, PROM, meconium aspiration
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 8, August 2023,
Pages: 891 - 893