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Review Papers | Biological Sciences | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023
A Literature Review on Urinary Tract Infection due to Diabetes Mellitus and Development of Antimicrobial Resistance
Shikha Thapliyal | Ankita Dandriyal
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder and one of the major causes of morbidity globally. It is estimated that the risk of DM will be greatly increased in the future. Diabetes mellitus is associated with various types of infections notably skin, mucous membrane, soft tissue, urinary tract, respiratory tract, and surgical and/or hospital - associated infections. The reason behind this frequent association with infections is an immunocompromised state of diabetic patients because uncontrolled hyperglycemia impairs the overall immunity of diabetic patients via the involvement of various mechanistic pathways that lead to the diabetic patient as immunocompromised. There are specific microbes that are associated with each type of infection and their presence indicates specific types of infections. For instance, E. coli and Klebsiella are the most common causative pathogens responsible for the development of urinary tract infections. Studies on this correspondence are very rare at the international level and practically non - existent in the national territory; therefore, this work aims to identify the different microbes involved in urinary tract infections in individuals and assess their behavior toward the available antibiotics.
Keywords: Urinary Tract Infection, Diabetes Mellitus, Antimicrobial Resistance
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,
Pages: 2461 - 2465