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Case Studies | Urology | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023
A Rare Case Report: Renal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Abstract: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a rare malignancy of the upper urinary tract, often present secondary to history of chronic nephrolithiasis with resultant squamous dysplasia. We present a case ofa 50-year-old man with a long-standing history of renal calculi. Investigations revealed heterogeneously enhancing renal parenchyma and staghorn calculi with resultant gross hydronephrosis and completely obstructive non-excreting right kidney. The radiological suspicion from the Computed Tomography was of SCC. The patient underwent right nephrectomy which showed a multifocal tumor with irregular cauliflower-like whitish growth arising from the cystic wall caused by nephrolithiasis. Most SCC of the renal pelvis present with advanced disease and dismal prognosis while our patient presented with disease localized to kidney and no distant metastasis. Thus nephrectomy can be curative if the disease is diagnosed earlier. This suggests high level of suspicion in patients with chronic history of renal stones can help improve lead time of diagnosis and thus prognosis of patient.
Keywords: Renal squamous cell carcinoma, chronic stones complications, rare renal cancers, renal pelvis mass, differentials of transitional cell carcinoma
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,
Pages: 1157 - 1158