International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Toxicology Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023


Analysis of the Presence of Trace Metals in the Palms of Beedi Rollers in Manglore

Dr. Sandeep J [4] | Dr. Vijaya Hegde [3]


Abstract: Introduction: Beedi causes health risks to those who involve in its manufacturing. Toxic metals are released into the ambient air during Beedi making. Beedi rollers are exposed to unburnt tobacco, mainly through the cutaneous and nasopharyngeal route. They are affected by respiratory disorders, skin diseases and gastrointestinal illness. Aim: To quantify the toxic trace metals present in the palms of the Beedi rollers. Methodology: Swabs from the palms of beedi rollers collected using sterile cotton swab dipped in saline water. After collection swabs stored in sterile container and transferred to lab for analysis. The analysis of the samples has been carried out using ICP - OES at KONSPEC PVT LTD, Mangalore.0.37 gm. swab was weighed and transferred to MDS (Microwave Digestion System) vessel.2ml Hydrogen peroxide and 2ml Nitric acid added to the vessel and after few minutes it was subjected for microwave digestion. After digestion the sample was cooled and diluted to 20ml. The digested samples were subjected for ICP - OES analysis Results: The different toxic metals found were Barium, Copper, Chromium, Lead, Nickel and Arsenic. The highest concentration was for Barium, Copper and Chromium which was 22PPM, 3.9PPM, and 2.4PPM respectively. Barium and Chromium are known to be dermal irritants and Lead, Nickel and Arsenic are potential carcinogens. Conclusion: It was realized from this research that most of the heavy metal contents measured were higher than the recommended permissible limit with the exception of Cobalt and cadmium.


Keywords: Beedi rollers, Trace metals, Occupational health, Tobacco industry, Public health


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,


Pages: 679 - 681


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