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Research Paper | Medical Science | Indonesia | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023
Systematic Review: Intestinal Symptoms in Patients with COVID 19 Infection
Made Sukma Putra | I Made Adi Narendranatha Komara 
Abstract: Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID - 19) infection first time reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019 become global health burden until now. Clinical manifestation of this disease similar with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), so it also called SARS - CoV - 2. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms also experienced almost by all patients with COVID - 19, like nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and anorexia. From all of this background, the writer wants to evaluate the gastrointestinal symptoms that often happen in patient with COVID - 19. Methods: This research aims to determine gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms that often found in patient with COVID - 19. This type of research is a literature review using Google Scholar, Pubmedand Clinical Key using time span from 2020 - 2021, with writing keywords (?Covid? AND ?gastrointestinal symptoms?) according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: The results of this study found 10 literature that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. From that literature found the most common gastrointestinal symptoms are nausea/ vomiting (14.88 %), followed by diarrhea (13.39%), abdominal pain (12.21%), and the last is anorexia (9.43%). Gastrointestinal symptoms also associated with impaired liver function. Conclusion: Gastrointestinal symptoms often occur in COVID - 19 patients, there are nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and anorexia. Some of these symptoms are associated with the course of the severe COVID - 19 also accompanied by impaired liver function which contributes to severity of these symptoms and become a marker of a poor clinical course of COVID - 19.
Keywords: COVID - 19, gastrointestinal symptoms, SARS - CoV - 2
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,
Pages: 450 - 453