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Research Paper | Orthopedic | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023
Allogenic Blood Transfusion in Total Knee Replacement Surgery at SMS Blood Centre
Abstract: Background: Total knee replacement (TKR) is a widely used elective procedure and one of the most common procedures performed in orthopedic departments Significant requirement of allogenic blood transfusion during or after total knee replacement (TKR) have been reported. Incidence of blood transfusion in TKR is highly variable and depends on various other factors. We observed the blood utilization in patients undergoing TKR in our hospital and depicted what are the important risk factors that determine the need of allogenic blood transfusion in TKR. Materials and Methods: The study included 120 consecutive patients undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty. Patient and disease details were obtained from patient file and hospital information system. This study is a retrospective study of all adult patients (age ?18 at time of surgery) who had a primary TKR procedure between January 2020 to January 2021. Results: Allogenic blood transfused was needed in 77.9% patients. Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, thyroid disorders, and chronic heart diseases were the major comorbid conditions. Conclusion: All centers should establish standard operating procedures describing the surgical procedure and transfusion support in TKR developing specific blood management strategy to rationalize blood transfusion in TKR and overall successful care in TKR.
Keywords: TKR, Allogenic Blood, Retrospective Study, Hypertension, Rationalize
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,
Pages: 1652 - 1654