International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Nutrition Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023

Management of Childhood Obesity

Sameena Chakera | Dr. Nandita Thakur [2]

Abstract: Growth in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in developed countries is bringing outbreaks and is promptly increasing in many middle incomes and underdeveloped countries. In developed and developing countries including India, the number of children in the common population who are overweight and obese has doubled in the last 20 years with an increasing prevalence of diabetes. This review study shows that the cause of obesity is complex and consists of multiple factors, which shows that an increase in body weight is due to a complicated relationship with a wide spectrum of factors. Moreover, the growth in obesity is mainly caused due to extensive physiological disorders, as well as adjustable environmental factors and obesogenic behaviors along with genetic susceptibility as well as prominent internal factors giving rise to increased body weight. Obesity makes children and adolescents more susceptible to various serious conditions such as the development of early puberty in children, menstrual irregularities in adolescent girls, sleep disorders and various degenerative diseases. Currently, the management of childhood obesity is subject to lifestyle interventions and the significance of spending more energy than consuming. Lifestyle interventions have made an impact on patients, but the prevailing trend of this issue indicates that it?s not enough. It has been found that including behavioral changes like family - based therapy or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with dietary and exercise treatments might affect the BMI and skinfold thickness accompanying the BMI z scores. Schools are the best place where children can be influenced and even in a review of environment - based treatment to decrease the intake of energy - rich food, out of 75, 25 recognized studies were school - based.

Keywords: Childhood obesity, overweight, obesity management, diet, exercise

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,

Pages: 1513 - 1516

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