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Review Papers | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023
A Literature Review on Neuromuscular Control Training in Chronic Ankle Instability for the Prevention of Lower Limb Injuries
Abstract: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is the damage commonly to the lateral ankle ligaments by forced inversion or an outward snapping of the ankle joint relative to the foot. It is one of the most common injuries of lower limb seen in orthopaedic trauma. In most people, only the anterior talo-fibular ligament is affected but, in a minority, this is also can be seen with a combined rupture of the calcaneo-fibular ligament. In most of the cases, conservative treatment leads to fully functional recovery in the majority of people. The term chronic (lateral) ankle instability? is used when the instability i.e., recurrent sprains or giving way persists for longer than six months. It can occur with or without increased mechanical laxity and initially treated conservatively and in most of the cases leads to fully functional recovery in the majority of people. Purpose: To review the literature for finding the effectiveness of neuromuscular control training on preventing lower leg injuries in subject with chronic ankle instability and to review the literature for finding the effectiveness of neuromuscular control on Range of motion, dynamic balance, postural stability, landing phase and on self-reported function in subject with chronic ankle instability. Search method: PubMed, goggle scholar, research gate, science direct, Cochrane from these databases the articles which fulfill the inclusion criteria were taken and reviewed to know the effectiveness of neuromuscular control training on preventing lower leg injuries. Results: Out of 14 articles, 9 articles shows that neuromuscular control training (NMT) is effective as preventive strategy, in that 5 articles show the improvement in landing phases after NMT, 4 article shows improvement in postural control and implementing NMT shows improvement in ROM, ankle joint position sense, earlier leg muscle activation, and self-reported function in subjects with chronic ankle instability. Conclusion: These reviews can be used to demonstrate that neuromuscular control could exhibit a protective strategy for the previously injured ankle and in reduction of other lower limb injury and further injury through improved motor control.
Keywords: Neuromuscular control training, ankle, chronic ankle instability, previous ankle sprain, lower limb, injury prevention, dynamic and postural control, intervention, self-reported function, AND, OR, IN, WITH
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,
Pages: 278 - 283