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Research Paper | Medicine | Saudi Arabia | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023
Awareness and Orientation towards HPV Vaccination among Women in Northern and Middle Regions KSA, A Cross Sectional Study
Lama Bader Abdulkarim Ateeq Rashed | Renad Abdulrahman Saleh Abdullah Altuwaiher | Zahra Sadiq Abdulazim Almumtin | Soha Abdallah Moursi 
Abstract: Objectives: Increase the awareness of HPV infection among society specially young females, spread knowledge of the factors related to it, complications and importance of HPV vaccination. Materials and Methods: surveillance cross sectional study, data were collected as questionnaires distributed to groups of peoples in Northern and Middle region in KSA, above 18 years old from 1st of October 2022 till 31stof March 2023, statistical analysis was done by SPSS22 program at significance of > 0.05 and Microsoft Excel-2016 software. Ethical approval was obtained from the ethical committee at the University of Hail (Number H-2022-416). Results: 550 responses to questionnaires, the study findings showed range of participants demographic data mostly aged between (18-30) years old by( 81.5%).(59.3%) were the responses from Northern region. The results also showed that (70%) of the participants were females, (98.2%) were Saudi. As for material state (74.5%) were single. Educational level the highest responses were from university students by (68.9%) and as for employment status (56.7%) of participant were students. For awareness data (48.9%) did not know that HPV is sexually transmitted disease and have no idea that condom uses can prevent transmission by (56%). Further, (59.3%) not familiar with the HPV is one of the premarital test in Saudi Arabia and by (50%) don?t know that HPV can infect both males and females. Only (24.2%) aware that the incidence of HPV is highest among 30s years old women.(63.5%) of the participants did not know that HPV can be without any symptoms and only (33.6%) were aware about HPV genital warts .(22.4%) thinking that HPV could not be resolved spontaneously and (39.6%) only answered that HPV can cause cervical cancer while (24.9%) responded that all cases of cervical cancer caused by HPV .More than half of the participants did not aware that cervical cancer incidence increase annually in KSA.(50.5%) of the answer thinking that HPV can be prevented while (36.7%) only think by vaccination ,(38.7%) agreed that the vaccine is safe .(27.5%) of the replies concerned that HPV vaccine can cause sterility or tumor and (15.3 %) were opposed to HPV vaccination. Conclusion: Despite that HPV testing is one of premarital request in KSA and the vaccine is scheduled in KSA immunization schedule still the knowledge about it very poor. Spreading the knowledge and updates among society specially females about HPV infection, factors and vaccination can lead to minimize cases and help in decreasing numbers of cervical cancer as a prognosis associated with such infection. Recommendation: to educate students in university level about sexual transmitted diseases in general and about HPV vaccination importance.
Keywords: HPV infection, HPV vaccine, Awareness, KSA, vaccination
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,
Pages: 1634 - 1638