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Student Project | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023
Study to Analyse Prescription Pattern of Antihypertensive Drugs Used in Preeclampsia Patients at a Secondary Care Hospital: A Prospective Observational Study
Jinalben V Desai | Saloni Patel  | Dr. Merin Sara Phillip | Dr. Riddhi Vaghani
Abstract: Hypertension is one of the common medical complications of pregnancy and contributes significantly to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Once the hypertension is diagnosed starting with the antihypertensive therapy help to manage the outcomes of pregnancy, for both mother and baby. The main objective of the study was to assess prescribing patterns of antihypertensive drugs in pregnant women. It was prospective observational study, which was conducted for 4 months from November 2021 to February 2022. A total 120 prescriptions were analysed. Through the current study, we could assess the utilization of antihypertensive drugs in pregnant women. The study reveals that most of the patients having preeclampsia were from primi gravida in age group 25-28 years old. The study also shows that Labetalol an alpha-beta blocker is mostly prescribed as monotherapy followed by Nifedipine a calcium channel blocker, or combination of Labetalol with Nifedipine. Also according to study 12% of patients, showed co morbidities and other 88% were without co morbidities. Other than antihypertensive prescribed to maximum patients were combination of several supplements that are protein powders, iron- calcium supplement (protex powder, Anaport powder, LG-9 sachet, bio folate, calcium supplements, hbcare, cc250, RG-9 sachet). The current study assessed that most of the patients showed mild to moderate preeclampsia that is blood pressure between 140-160 mmhg. It has provided the insight into the prescription pattern of drugs in pregnant women with respect to B.P control. It will help the prescriber to pay more attention on outcomes of B.P during pregnancy. If preeclampsia can be treated rationally, the complication of pregnancy that affect mother and baby can be overcome and there would be significant reduction in maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality.
Keywords: Pregnancy induced Hypertension, Pre-eclampsia, Antihypertensives, Alpha+beta blocker, CCB
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,
Pages: 1308 - 1313