International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | History | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023


Forest Policies and Acts Under Different Governance Regimes in India

Siddharth Rajak


Abstract: Forests are vital natural resources that provide various ecological, economic, and social benefits. The evolution of forest policies and acts in India under various governance regimes, namely, Pre - Colonial, Colonial, and Post - Colonial, has significantly impacted forest governance. This paper aims to examine the historical context and development of forest policies and acts in India and their differences under different regimes. The paper analyses the strengths and weaknesses of forest policies and acts under each regime. It highlights the challenges faced by the Indian forest sector in implementing sustainable forest management practices. The study concludes with recommendations for improving forest governance in India. The study finds that the pre - colonial era was characterized by local community management of forests, while the colonial era resulted in greater state control over forest resources. The study highlights the Indian Forest Act of 1927, which gave the state greater control but also caused the displacement of local communities. The study suggests a more holistic approach to forest conservation, with recognition of local communities' rights and the involvement of civil society organizations.


Keywords: forest policies, forest acts, governance, India, Pre Colonial regime, Colonialregime, Post Colonial regime, evolution, state control, conservation


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,


Pages: 549 - 560


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