International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Medical Science | Indonesia | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023


Upper Extremity Strength Training Effectiveness on COPD Patients? Muscle Mass Using Home - Based Pulmonary Rehabilitation

Fifi Maylida. S | Amira Permatasari Tarigan [2] | Pandiaman Pandia [2] | Putri Chairani Eyanoer [3]


Abstract: Background: COPD patients often report physical activity reduction. Malnutrition subsequently follows due to the extra workload on respiratory muscles. Therefore, proper nutrition is necessary. Telerehabilitation, part of Home Based Pulmonary Rehabilitation (HBPR), helps to train upper body strength. However, the efficacy is undetermined. Aims: To measure the effectivity of upper extremity strength training on COPD patients' muscle mass with additional egg whites during the Covid - 19 pandemic. Methods: The design was a quasi - experimental test conducted from September to October 2020. We used a consecutive sampling technique. Participants who met the inclusion criteria must complete an informed consent and questionnaire, undergo a physical examination and consume seven egg whites daily. The exercise guide was given through online video and leaflet. Post - test performed after completing the study. The data were examined using the pair - t test or Wilcoxon test on SPSS. Results: 15 patients participated in the experiment. A statistically significant relationship and increased body weight (p - value=0.047) and muscle mass (p - value=0.048) before and after home - based upper body training. Conclusions: Upper extremity strength training is beneficial for rehabilitation in restricted conditions. With the addition of egg whites, the training could increase muscle mass and prevent deconditioning syndrome and muscle dysfunction.


Keywords: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), telerehabilitation, upper extremity strength training, nutrition, muscle mass


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,


Pages: 1143 - 1148


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