International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Student Project | Social Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023 | Rating: 5.5 / 10

Zambia's Health Policy: A Comparison between Traditional and Modern Circumcision Practices in The Prevention of Transmission of HIV and Other STIS among Men in Chavuma and Kapiri Mposhi Districts

Clive Gosa | Dr Mafuleka Winston

Abstract: This article explores the Zambia's Health Policy by making a comparison between traditional and modern circumcision practices to prevent the transmission of HIV and other new sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men. The article derives its methodology by the use of Qualitative and Quantitative Designs. The article argues that, whereas HIV is a virus, an STI is actually an infection that is transmissible through sexual encounters. The key argument is that in both practices, circumcision, to a larger extent, prevented HIV transmission among men. However, the incidence and prevalence of STIs were not impacted by the benefits of circumcision which was associated with significantly increased STIs risk among circumcised men with known common STIs (gonorrhea, chancroid and syphilis). The article concludes that, whereas the objective of attaining the HIV epidemic control is being actualized by the Zambian Government, the high prevalence of STIs among men after circumcision is an indication that the health policy's objective on STIs prevention was not being attained. And to attain the goal of zero new STIs among men by the Zambian government, the article suggests that, concerted and heightened efforts through stakeholders and traditional leadership engagement is needed.

Keywords: Heath, Policy, Circumcision, Prevention, Transmission, HIV, STIs, Modern, Traditional, Zambia

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,

Pages: 1662 - 1667

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